A novel flexible glucose biosensor using vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNT) and a conjugated polymer (CP) was fabricated. A scaffold based on VACNT grown on aluminum foil (VACNT-Al foil) with poly (9,9-di-(2-ethylhexyl)-fluorenyl-2,7-diyl)-end capped with 2,5-diphenyl-1,2,4-oxadiazole (PFLO) was used as the immobilization matrix for the glucose biosensor. Glucose oxidase (GOx) was immobilized on a modified indium tin oxide (ITO) coated polyethylene terephthalate (PET) electrode surface. The biosensor response at a potential of -0.7 V versus Ag wire was followed by the decrease in oxygen level as a result of enzymatic reaction. The biosensor exhibited a linear range between 0.02 mM and 0.5 mM glucose and kinetic parameters (K-M(app), I-max, limit of detection (LOD) and sensitivity) were estimated as 0.193 mM, 8.170 mu A, 7.035 x 10(-3) mM and 65.816 mu A/mM cm(2), respectively. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used for surface characterization. The constructed biosensor was applied to determine the glucose content in several beverages. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.