The effects of gums on macro and micro-structure of breads baked in different ovens


Ozkoc S. O. , Sumnu G. , ŞAHİN S.

FOOD HYDROCOLLOIDS, cilt.23, sa.8, ss.2182-2189, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 23 Konu: 8
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.foodhyd.2009.04.003
  • Dergi Adı: FOOD HYDROCOLLOIDS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.2182-2189

Özet

In this study, the effects of gums on macro and micro-structure of breads baked in different ovens (infrared (IR)-microwave combination and conventional) were investigated by the help of image and SEM analysis, respectively. The gums used were xanthan, guar, K-carrageenan and xanthan-guar blend. The gums were added to the formulation at 0.5% concentration. As a control, no gum added formulations were used. Results of Image analysis demonstrated that xanthan-guar gum blend addition improved bread quality with increasing pore area fractions. It was seen that about 75% of the pores of control breads baked in infrared-microwave combination oven and about 63% of the pores of control breads baked in conventional oven had diameters of above 1000 pm. According to SEM analysis, pores in control breads baked in conventional oven were found to be smaller, and had spherical, oval-like shape as compared to the ones baked in IR-microwave combination oven. Moreover, more homogeneous closed-cell structure was observed for conventionally baked control breads. The pores of breads baked in IR-microwave combination oven were so close to each other which resulted in coalescence of the gas cells to form channels, then the pores were no longer spherical. The starch granules in conventionally baked breads were more distorted and seen as a continuous sheet of gelatinized starch. On the other hand, granular residues and continuous starch structure was observed together in IR-microwave combination heating. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.