Through Their Eyes: Gifted Students' Views on Integrating History of Mathematics Embedded Videos Into Mathematics Classrooms


Karatas-Aydin F. I., IŞIKSAL BOSTAN M.

SAGE OPEN, vol.12, no.2, 2022 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/21582440221099518
  • Journal Name: SAGE OPEN
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: gifted students, history of mathematics, mathematics classroom, using videos, EDUCATION, TECHNOLOGY, CURRICULUM
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study examined gifted students' views on integrating the history of mathematics embedded videos into mathematics classrooms. The research was conducted with 30 fifth-grade students who were identified as gifted with the WISC-R Intelligent Test Score and aptitude test. Data were collected through students' video reflection papers after watching the videos on biographies of mathematicians. Content analysis was conducted to analyze data collected with reflection papers. The findings were grouped as history as a tool and history as a goal. Under the title of history as a tool, the students' reflections were categorized as history as a cognitive tool and history as a motivational tool. As a cognitive tool, students stated that the history of mathematics embedded videos expanded their knowledge of mathematicians' early work and their occupations. As a motivational tool, the history of mathematics embedded videos helped raise students' curiosity about mathematicians and their works, and mathematical concepts, increased their motivation for invention, and developed a positive attitude toward mathematics and learning. On the other hand, under the title of history as a goal, the students stated that the history of mathematics embedded videos broaden their knowledge of mathematicians and their contributions, mathematical concepts, and mathematical evolution. Thus, the videos can be used as enrichment activities for gifted elementary students in mathematics classrooms.