Emotion regulation as a mediator of the influence of science teacher emotions on teacher efficacy beliefs

Uzuntiryaki-Kondakci E., Kırbulut Z. D., Sarıcı E., Oktay Ö.

EDUCATIONAL STUDIES, vol.48, no.5, pp.583-601, 2022 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/03055698.2020.1793300
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, IBZ Online, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, EBSCO Education Source, Education Abstracts, Educational research abstracts (ERA), ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, PAIS International, Psycinfo, Social services abstracts, Sociological abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.583-601
  • Keywords: Teacher efficacy, teacher emotions, emotion regulation, science teachers, structural equation modelling, mediation, SELF-EFFICACY, NEGATIVE AFFECT, ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT, CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT, JOB-SATISFACTION, MODEL, LABOR, ANTECEDENTS, STRATEGIES, EXPERIENCE
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study aimed at testing a model in which teacher emotions predict teacher efficacy via emotion regulation. A total of 336 public middle school science teachers participated in the study. Data were collected through the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, the Emotional Control Scale, and the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale. Structural equation modelling was employed for data analysis. Results of the study revealed a significant relationship between teacher emotions and teacher efficacy through the partially mediating role of emotion regulation. That is, positive emotions had an influence on teacher efficacy (teacher efficacy for instructional strategies, classroom management, and student engagement) - both directly and indirectly through their use of emotion regulation strategies. In addition, findings indicated that positive emotions were positively associated with emotion regulation, whereas negative emotions were negatively related. Positive emotions also predicted teacher efficacy while negative emotions did not. Lastly, emotion regulation had an influence on teacher efficacy.