Correlation between physical and sensorial properties of gummy confections with different formulations during storage


Tireki S., ŞÜMNÜ S. G. , ŞAHİN S.

JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE, 2021 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2021
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s13197-020-04923-3
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE

Özet

Gummy confections are popular products formulated with sucrose, glucose syrups, gelling agents, acids, flavourings and colouring agents. They have various commercial types in terms of formulation, texture, taste and colour, however, there is inadequate investigation on storage behavior of these products. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of glucose syrup:sucrose ratio (1.1 and 1.5), starch (0% and 1.5%) and gelatine concentration (3% and 6%) on texture profile, colour and sensory properties of gummy confections during storage. It was also aimed to correlate sensorial changes with physical properties measured by instrumental techniques during storage at 10 degrees C, 20 degrees C and 30 degrees C. The highest increase in hardness was observed for formulation with 1.1 glucose syrup:sucrose ratio, no starch and 6% gelatine. Storage temperature had no significant effect on cohesiveness. It was seen that rate of colour change increased with storage time and temperature. Formulation with glucose syrup:sucrose ratio of 1.5, no starch and 6% gelatine had the highest sensory scores. This formulation was found to be the most stable formulation in terms of hardness and gumminess, meaning that it would need a stable mastication during storage. Sensorial changes of gummy confections were found to be correlated with instrumental results of texture and colour.