Using a personality-oriented job analysis to identify attributes to be assessed in officer selection

Sumer H., Sumer N., Demirutku K., Cifci O.

MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY, vol.13, no.3, pp.129-146, 2001 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1207/s15327876mp1303_1
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.129-146
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this research was to identify personality constructs to be assessed in the selection of officers in the Turkish Armed Forces by using a personality-oriented job analysis approach. Personality-oriented job analytic interviews were conducted with currently employed and former officers (N = 78). Content analysis of the interviews led to the identification of a list of attributes presumed to be relevant. The attributes were then rated by a group of officers (N = 447) for relevance and importance. Principal component analysis of the weighted ratings (i.e., Relevance x Importance) resulted in 5 personality dimensions considered to be relevant to the job of military officer: Conscientiousness-Self-Discipline, Military Factor, Self-Confidence, Agreeableness-Extraversion, and Leadership. Finally, using a confirmatory approach, we tested the 5-factor structure against 1-factor and 2-factor solutions. Results suggest that the 5-factor solution has significantly better fit than the alternative models, providing some initial evidence for construct validity.