The relationship between auditory-visual speech perception and language-specific speech perception at the onset of reading instruction in English-speaking children


Erdener D., Burnham D.

JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY, cilt.116, sa.2, ss.120-138, 2013 (SSCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 116 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jecp.2013.03.003
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.120-138

Özet

Speech perception is auditory visual, but relatively little is known about auditory visual compared with auditory-only speech perception. One avenue for further understanding is via developmental studies. In a recent study, Sekiyama and Burnham (2008) found that English speakers significantly increase their use of visual speech information between 6 and 8 years of age but that this development does not appear to be universal across languages. Here, the possible bases for this language-specific increase among English speakers were investigated. Four groups of English-language children (5, 6, 7, and 8 years) and a group of adults were tested on auditory visual, auditory-only, and visual-only speech perception; language-specific speech perception with native and non-native speech sounds; articulation; and reading. Results showed that language-specific speech perception and lip-reading ability reliably predicted auditory visual speech perception in children but that adult auditory visual speech perception was predicted by auditory-only speech perception. The implications are discussed in terms of both auditory visual speech perception and language development. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.