Modeling temperature and pricing weather derivatives based on temperature


Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Middle East Technical University, Turkey

Approval Date: 2016

Thesis Language: English

Student: Birhan Taştan

Consultant: AZİZE HAYFAVİ

Abstract:

Weather Derivatives are financial contracts prepared to reduce weather risks faced by economic actors to regulate cash flows and protect earnings. The weather derivatives may be in the forms of options, futures, swaps, and bonds whose payout are dependent on some weather indices. The firms in the sectors like energy, insurance, agriculture, construction use weather derivatives mostly. Weather derivatives are different than the traditional financial derivatives on several occasions. Traditional financial derivatives are based on some assets like stocks, bonds, foreign exchange, interest rate etc. that are traded on the market. Besides, weather derivatives are based on a weather index, which is not traded. Also financial derivatives are generally used to hedge price risk, while weather derivatives are used to hedge volume risk. Because of different nature of the weather derivatives its pricing is different than the pricing of other financial derivatives. In addition, although it is possible to write a derivative that uses any weather index like temperature, humidity, and wind speed etc. most of the weather derivatives that are traded on market are based on temperature. Within this context, in this thesis, models for temperature and pricing issues of the weather derivatives based on temperature will be evaluated. Moreover, the applicability of the weather derivatives to Turkey will be investigated.