POLYMER COMPOSITES, cilt.19, sa.4, ss.463-472, 1998 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
The propellant with the minimum viscosity required for a defect-free casting can be obtained by proper selection of the size and fractions of solid components leading to maximum packing density. Furnas' model was used to predict the particulate composition for the maximum packing density. Components with certain size dispersions were combined to yield a size distribution that is closest to the optimum one given by Furnas for maximum packing. The closeness of the calculated size distribution to the optimum one was tested by using the least square technique. The results obtained were experimentally confirmed by viscosity measurement of uncured propellants having HTPB binder and trimodal solid part accordingly prepared by using aluminum (volumetric mean particle diameter of 10.4 mu m) and ammonium perchlorate with four different sizes (volumetric mean particle diameters: 9.22, 31.4, 171, and 323 mu m). The experimental measurements showed that the compositions for the minimum viscosity are in good agreement with those predicted by using the model for maximum packing. The propellant consisting of particles with mean diameters of 10.4, 31.4, and 323 mu m was found to yield the minimum viscosity. This minimum viscosity was observed when the fraction of the sizes with respect to total solids was 0.141, 0.300, and 0.559, respectively.