Art in street: the significant role of using the art, literature and humor in the Gezi resistance

Çolak E.

International Journal of Arts and Sciences, vol.7, no.4, pp.463-476, 2014 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Arts and Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: EBSCO Education Source, Index Copernicus
  • Page Numbers: pp.463-476


In 2013 summer, Turkey experienced the most crowded and powerful resistance movement in almost all provinces which is generally named ‘Gezi Resistance’. During this resistance, the collective language and the soul of the Gezi that were constructed by the resistors made themselves apparent from the beginning and put the distinctness from the other resistance experiences. The question “what was special in Gezi, what made it distinct from the other” has been frequently discussed. The aim of this paper is to emphasize an important dimension of this question’s answer: the significant role of the usage of art, literature and humor in the resistance days. During the resistance, so many famous poets’ verses were written to everywhere; many exhibitions were held; hundreds of songs were composed; many illustrations, graffiti, cartoons, paintings, sculptures were created. These artistic interventions have three main consequences. First, the Gezi resistance showed that the role of the art, literature and humor is effective to take the consent of the people in order to construct the counter-hegemony, especially in a time of resistance. Second, reproductions of artistic creations and their circulations especially in social media help to keep the consciousness alive. Moreover, finally, it ensures questioning of the legitimacy of the government efficiently.