The effect of cysteine-43 mutation on thermostability and kinetic properties of citrate synthase from Thermoplasma acidophilum

Kocabiyik S., Erduran I., Russel R., Danson M., Hough D.

BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, vol.224, no.1, pp.224-228, 1996 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


In this study, we have substituted serine-43 by cysteine in the recombinant citrate synthase from a moderately thermophilic Archaeon Thermoplasma acidophilum, for site-specific attachment of labels and have investigated the effects of this mutation on the biochemical properties and thermal stability of the enzyme. Both wild-type and the mutant enzymes were purified to homogenity using affinity chromatography on Matrex Gel Red A. The mutant Thermoplasma citrate synthase is very similar to wild-type citrate synthase in its substrate and co-factor specificities, pH profile and thermal stability. The mutation, however, has decreased the enzyme activity. The newly introduced reactive sulphydryl group could be easily modified by DTNB and labelled with 4-chloro-7-sulphobenzofuran, without loss of any activity. (C) 1996 Academic Press, Inc.