IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, vol.49, no.8, pp.2887-2899, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI)
Article / Article
Title of Journal :
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING
Atmospheric refractivity, Claerbout equation, ducting, electromagnetic (EM) propagation, fast Fourier transform (FFT), finite-element method (FEM), Matlab, narrow angle, split-step parabolic equation (PE) (SSPE), terrain effect, wave equation, wide angle, SPLIT-STEP-FOURIER, GEOMETRICAL-THEORY, TERRAIN PROFILES, WAVE-PROPAGATION, ANGLE, DIFFRACTION, PREDICTIONS, SIMULATION, MODEL, SEA
A novel two-way finite-element parabolic equation (PE) (2W-FEMPE) propagation model which handles both forward and backward scattering effects of the groundwave propagation above the Earth's surface over irregular terrain paths through inhomogeneous atmosphere is introduced. A Matlab-based propagation tool for 2W-FEMPE is developed and tested against mathematical exact and asymptotic solutions as well as the recently introduced two-way split-step PE model through a canonical validation, verification, and calibration process for the first time in literature.