Development of computational software for analysis of curved girders under construction loads

Topkaya C., Williamson E.

COMPUTERS & STRUCTURES, vol.81, no.21, pp.2087-2098, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 81 Issue: 21
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0045-7949(03)00258-x
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2087-2098
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The analysis of horizontally curved, trapezoidal steel girders presents a variety of computational challenges. During the erection and construction stages before a concrete deck is available to form a closed section, these girders are weak in torsion and susceptible to warping. Considering the design of an entire bridge system, current design approaches favor the use of a grid analysis methodology. While the use of a grid analysis procedure offers the advantage of computational efficiency, it is unable to capture girder stresses and brace member forces with sufficient accuracy, particularly during the critical erection and construction stages. In this paper, we present an alternative analysis approach based on the finite element method. The developed software has been designed to be computationally efficient and easy to use for bridge designers. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.