Hybrid-architectured promoter design to deregulate expression in yeast

Ergun B. G., ÇALIK P.

RECOMBINANT PROTEIN EXPRESSION: EUKARYOTIC HOSTS, vol.660, pp.105-125, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Hybrid-architectured promoter design to deregulate expression in yeast under modulating power of carbon sources involves replacing native cis-acting DNA sequence(s) with de novo synthetic tools in coordination with master regulator transcription factor (TF) to alter crosstalk between signaling pathways, and consequently, transcriptionally rewire the expression. Hybrid-promoter architectures can be designed to mimic native promoter architectures in yeast's preferred carbon source utilization pathway. The method aims to generate engineered promoter variants (EPVs) that combine the advantages of being an exceptionally stronger EPV(s) than the naturally occurring promoters and permit "green-and-clean" production on a non-toxic carbon source. To implement the method, a predetermined essential part of the general transcription machinery is targeted. This targeting involves cis-acting DNA sequences to be replaced with synthetic cis-acting DNA sites in coordination with the targeted TF that must bind for transcription machinery activation. The method needs genomic and functional information that can lead to the discovery of the master TF(s) and synthetic cis-acting DNA elements, which enable the engineering of binding of master regulator TF(s). By introducing our recent work on the engineering of Pichia pastoris (syn. Komagataella phaffii) alcohol oxidase 1 (AOX1) hybrid-promoter architectures, we provide the method and protocol for the hybrid-architectured EPV design to deregulate expression in yeast. The method can be adapted to other promoters in different substrate utilization pathways in P. pastoris, as well as in other yeasts.