Advanced marginality and criminalization: the case of Altindag


Mercan B. A. , Şen M.

TURKISH STUDIES, vol.22, no.4, pp.603-625, 2021 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14683849.2020.1799197
  • Journal Name: TURKISH STUDIES
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Historical Abstracts, Index Islamicus, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Political Science Complete, Public Affairs Index, Sociological abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.603-625
  • Keywords: Neoliberalism, urban transformation projects, inner-city slums, advanced marginality, organized crime, drug trade, Ankara, URBAN-RENEWAL, SQUATTER, SPACE, GECEKONDU, PROJECT, ANKARA, TURKEY
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Many studies have identified the rise of the drug trade in the inner-city slums of Ankara's Altindag district in the wake of post-urban transformation projects (UTPs). However, none of them has thus far discussed the surge of such organized criminal activity in relation to the wider urban policy regime of Turkey. This paper offers the concept of advanced marginality to understand the complex relations between neoliberal urban governmentality and its repercussions in local areas, which results in UTPs, the disintegration of communality, the emergence of slums, and the rise of illicit enterprises. The paper argues that the formation of organized drug trade in Altindag following the development of UTPs is an outcome of the advanced marginality resulting from the changing urban governmentality and its deliberate neoliberal political preferences.