Soccer causes degenerative changes in the cervical spine

Kartal A., Yildiran I., Senkoylu A., Korkusuz F.

EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, vol.13, no.1, pp.76-82, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00586-003-0623-y
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.76-82
  • Keywords: cervical spine, soccer, low-impact recurrent trauma, biomechanics, radiology, magnetic resonance, ISOMETRIC STRENGTH, MOTION, INJURIES, PLAYERS, RANGE, MUSCULATURE, RELIABILITY, EXTENSION, IMPACT, DEVICE
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Background. Radiological changes and degeneration of the cervical spine have been previously described in soccer players. The onset of such changes was 10-20 years earlier than that of the normal population. The aim of this study was to assess these early degenerative changes in amateur active and veteran soccer players in a cross-sectional descriptive study using biomechanical, radiological, and magnetic resonance measures.