This article provides a framework for understanding social and cultural inequalities in education in the context of cultural
processes and epistemic injustice. Insight into the cultural processes and the concept of epistemic injustice direct us to the
conceptualization of agency of the actors within the educational domain and the institutionalized relations of domination and
recognition. The article employs two cultural processes: identification (stigmatization and racialization) and rationalization
(standardization and evaluation) and two epistemic injustice models: testimonial and hermeneutical injustice to understand
the production of inequalities and relations of domination in a school setting (Lamont, Beljean and Clair, 2014; Fricker, 2017).
This goal is animated by this research question: “How to understand the production of inequalities in a school setting through
cultural processes and epistemic injustice?” Taking into account cultural processes and epistemic injustice, this article argues
that the literature on education should include diverse epistemic approaches to problematize the ways of the transmission of
structural inequalities in society to education and how these inequality forms are complementary to current practices. This
article indicates that cultural processes and epistemic injustice forms should be taken into consideration in understanding the
production and maintenance of inequalities in education.