Urban planning experience of Turkey in the 1930s constitutes a set of consistent policies and strategies. Establishment of a national economy and arrangement of the space of the nation-state were the main policies determining the major lines of policy-oriented urban planning experience in this period. Under this general political framework, the creation of a new capital and the establishment of industrial cities were the unique cases. These were seen as major means of regional development and interregional integration. Urbanization problem was approached in a comprehensive and holistic manner. In this policy framework, the significance of industrialization in urban-rural integration was emphasized. And the liberation Of the rural labor was seen as the basis of social development and urban-rural integration. State factories appeared as the major agents of integration of industry with the city and the redefinition and the provision of public services. Public spaces of the Republic were emphasized and urban development was directed on the lands that were expropriated.