Incomplete removal of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in wastewater treatment plants may result in SDS residues escaping and finding their way into receiving water bodies like rivers, lakes, and sea. Introduction of effective microorganisms into the aerobic treatment facilities can reduce unpleasant by-products and SDS residues. Selecting effective microorganisms for SDS treatment is a big challenge. Current study reports the isolation, identification, and in situ monitoring of an effective SDS-degrading isolate from detergent-polluted river waters. Screening was carried out by the conventional enrichment culture technique and the isolate was tentatively identified by using fatty acid methyl ester and 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequence analyses. Fatty acids produced by the isolate investigated were assumed as typical for the genus Comamonas. 16S rRNA sequence analysis also confirmed that the isolate had 95 % homology with Delftia acidovorans known as Comamonas or Pseudomonas acidovorans previously. D. acidovorans exhibited optimum growth at SDS concentration of 1 g l(-1) but tolerated up to 10 g l(-1) SDS. 87 % of 1.0 g l(-1) pure SDS was degraded after 11 days of incubation. The temporal succession of D. acidovorans in detergent-polluted river water was also monitored in situ by using Comamonas-specific fluorescein-labeled Cte probe. Being able to degrade SDS and populate in SDS-polluted surface waters, D. acidovorans isolates seem to be very helpful in elimination of SDS.