The Eocene uplift and inversion of a part of the Black Sea margin in the Central Pontides, allows us to study the stratigraphic sequence of the Western Black Sea Basin (WBS). The revision of this sequence, with 164 nannoplankton ages, indicates that subsidence and rifting started in the Upper Barremian and accelerated during the Aptian. The rifting of the western Black Sea Basin lasted about 40 Ma (from late Barremian to Coniacian). In the inner, inverted, Black Sea margin, the syn-rift sequence ends up with shallow marine sands. The uppermost Albian to Turonian was a period of erosion or non deposition. This regional mid-Cretaceous stratigraphical gap might result from rift flank uplift, as expected in the case of a thick and cold pre-rift lithosphere. However, coeval collision of the Kargi Block, along the North Tethyan subduction zone at the southern margin of the Pontides, might also have contributed to this uplift. A rapid thermal post-rift subsidence of the margin occurred during the Coniacian-Santonian. Collision of the Kirsehir continental block commenced in Early Eocene time (zone NP12) giving rise to compressional deformation and sedimentation in piggyback basins in the Central Pontides, whereas the eastern Black Sea was still opening.