Temporal watermarking of digital video

Koz A., Alatan A.

4th European Workshop on Image Analysis for Multimedia Interactive Services, Queen Mary, ENGLAND, 9 - 11 April 2003, pp.271-274 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1142/9789812704337_0049
  • City: Queen Mary
  • Country: ENGLAND
  • Page Numbers: pp.271-274
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A video watermarking method is presented, based on the temporal sensitivity of Human Visual System (HVS). The method exploits the temporal contrast thresholds of HVS to determine the spatio-temporal locations, where the watermark should be embedded, and the maximum strength of watermark, which still gives imperceptible distortion after watermark insertion. The robustness results indicate that the proposed scheme survives video distortions, such as additive Gaussian noise, ITU H.263+ coding at medium bit rates, frame dropping and frame averaging without any perceptual artifacts.