Efficient syntheses of 2-aminopyrroles are presented starting from beta-dicarbonyl compounds, bromoacetonitrile, and amines. Alkylation of beta-dicarbonyl compounds with bromoacetonitrile furnished alpha-cyanomethyl-beta-dicarbonyl compounds. The condensation reaction of alpha-cyanomethyl-beta-dicarbonyl compounds with amines catalyzed by p-TsOH affords the corresponding enamines in good yields. Base catalyzed cyclization via the addition of an amine moiety to the carbon-nitrogen triple bond of nitrile furnished 2-aminopyrroles in high yields. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.