Development of proton beam irradiation system for the NA65/DsTau experiment

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Aoki S., Ariga A., Ariga T., Charitonidis N., Dmitrievsky S., Dobre R., ...More

Journal of Instrumentation, vol.18, no.10, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1748-0221/18/10/p10008
  • Journal Name: Journal of Instrumentation
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, Index Islamicus, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Beam-line instrumentation (beam position and profile monitors, beam-intensity monitors, bunch length monitors), Detector control systems (detector and experiment monitoring and slow-control systems, architecture, hardware, algorithms, databases)
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Tau neutrino is the least studied lepton of the Standard Model (SM). The NA65/DsTau experiment targets to investigate Ds , the parent particle of the ντ , using the nuclear emulsion-based detector and to decrease the systematic uncertainty of ντ flux prediction from over 50 % to 10 % for future beam dump experiments. In the experiment, the emulsion detectors are exposed to the CERN SPS 400 GeV proton beam. To provide optimal conditions for the reconstruction of interactions, the protons are required to be uniformly distributed over the detector's surface with an average density of 105 cm-2 and the fluctuation of less than 10%. To address this issue, we developed a new proton irradiation system called the target mover. The new target mover provided irradiation with a proton density of 1.01 × 105 cm-2 and the density fluctuation of 1.9 ± 0.3% in the DsTau 2021 run.