What Determines Religious and Racial Prejudice in Europe? The Effects of Religiosity and Trust


Ekici T., Yucel D.

SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH, vol.122, no.1, pp.105-133, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 122 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11205-014-0674-y
  • Title of Journal : SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.105-133
  • Keywords: Religiosity, Trust, Religious prejudice, Racial prejudice, Europe, European Values Study, PERCEIVED GROUP THREAT, ETHNIC COMPETITION, ANTI-SEMITISM, FUNDAMENTALISM, ORIENTATION, NETHERLANDS, PERSONALITY, OPPOSITION, MINORITIES, PREDICTOR

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effects of different dimensions of religiosity and trust on religious and racial prejudice in Europe. The sample is based on 37 European countries that are current or potential members of the European Union (EU). Using multi-level logistic regression modeling and the latest wave from the European Values Study data, we test the effects of both individual and country-level variables. Our results suggest that religious particularism is correlated with more religious and racial prejudice. Doctrinal belief and individual spirituality are both correlated with less religious prejudice only. Nonreligious individuals have the highest religious prejudice compared to members of religious denominations. Individual and country-level generalized trust, as well as trust in the EU, are all negatively correlated with religious and racial prejudice.