An artificial neural network model for virtual Superpave asphalt mixture design


Ozturk H. I. , Kutay M. E.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PAVEMENT ENGINEERING, vol.15, no.2, pp.151-162, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10298436.2013.808341
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PAVEMENT ENGINEERING
  • Page Numbers: pp.151-162
  • Keywords: Superpave, artificial neural network, asphalt mixture design, virtual mix design, compaction, volumetrics, PREDICTION

Abstract

This study presents an artificial neural network (ANN) model to predict the asphalt mixture volumetrics at Superpave gyration levels. The input data-set needed by the algorithm is composed of gradation of the mix, bulk specific gravity of aggregates, low- and high-performance grade of the binder, binder content of the mix and the target number of gyrations (i.e. N-ini, N-des and N-max). The proposed ANN model uses a three-layer scaled conjugate gradient back-propagation (feed-forward) network. The ANN was trained using data obtained from numerous roads with a total of 1817 different mix designs. Results revealed that the ANN was able to predict V-a within V-a (measured) +/- 1.0% range 85-93% of the time and within V-a (measured) +/- 0.5% range 60-70% of the time. Currently with the developed ANN model, Superpave mix design can take approximately between 1.5 and 4.5 days, which corresponds to 3-6 days of savings.