Magnetic field and curvature effects on pair production. II. Vectors and implications for chromodynamics

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Karabali D., KÜRKCÜOĞLU S., Nair V. P.

PHYSICAL REVIEW D, vol.100, no.6, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 100 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1103/physrevd.100.065006
  • Journal Name: PHYSICAL REVIEW D
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


We calculate the pair production rates for spin-1 or vector particles on spaces of the form M x R-1,R-1, with M corresponding to R-2 (flat), S-2 (positive curvature), and H-2 (negative curvature), with and without a background (chromo)magnetic field on M. Beyond highlighting the effects of curvature and background magnetic field, this is particularly interesting since vector particles are known to suffer from the Nielsen-Olesen instability, which can dramatically increase pair production rates. The form of this instability for S-2 and H-2 is obtained. We also give a brief discussion of how our results relate to ideas about confinement in non-Abelian theories.