Simulations and Experiments of EMFY-1 Electromagnetic Launcher

Ceylan D., Karagoz M., Cevik Y., Yildirim B., Polat H., KEYSAN O.

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, vol.47, no.7, pp.3336-3343, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tps.2019.2916220
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3336-3343
  • Keywords: Electromagnetic launch, finite element (FE) analysis, pulsed-power supply (PPS), railgun
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


ASELSAN Inc. has been conducting experimental research on electromagnetic launch technologies since 2014. The first prototype, EMFY-1, has 25 mm x 25 mm square bore and 3-m-length rails. In addition, two capacitor-based pulsed-power supplies (PPSs) with 1- and 4-MJ stored energy are built to supply launcher. During the design process of EMFY-1, a 3-D finite element (FE) model has been developed to simulate the electromagnetic and mechanical aspects of the railgun. This paper presents the simulation and experimental results of EMFY-1 with C-type aluminum armature. FE model, developed using COMSOL Multiphysics, includes both launcher and the PPS system. In addition to the velocity and position of the armature with respect to time, it is possible to observe the magnetic field, current density distributions and breech voltage using the FE model. In the experiments, pulse currents of the PPS modules, breech, and muzzle voltages are measured. The velocity of the projectile is measured using the B-dot probes. In this paper, two experiments of EMFY-1 will be presented. In the first experiment, the launch package with 42-g total mass is accelerated to 2778 m/s, and in the second experiment, the launch package with 130-g total mass is accelerated to 1560 m/s. The simulation results of the proposed FE model are compared with the experiments. It is observed that there is a good agreement between experimental and simulation results.