Effect of Carbon Nanotube Purification on the Electrical and Mechanical Properties of Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Composites with Carbon Nanotubes in Low Concentration

Yesil S., BAYRAM G.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, vol.119, no.6, pp.3360-3371, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 119 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/app.32981
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3360-3371
  • Keywords: composites, conducting polymers, mechanical properties, surfaces, FUNCTIONALIZATION, MATRIX, CONDUCTIVITY, SURFACTANT, XPS
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Surface properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were altered by purification with nitric acid, sulfuric acid, ammonium hydroxide, and hydrogen peroxide. As-received and purified CNT-based conductive poly( ethylene terephthalate) composites were prepared with a twin-screw extruder. The effects of CNT purification on the surface properties of the CNTs and on the morphology and electrical and mechanical properties of CNT-based composites were investigated. Surface energy measurements showed that the acidic component of the surface energies of the CNTs increased after purification. According to Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, the purification resulted in the formation of oxygen-containing functional groups on the surfaces of the CNTs. Electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis results indicate the removal of the metallic catalyst residues and an increase in the oxygen content of the CNT surfaces as a result of the purification procedure. X-ray diffraction analyses revealed a change in the crystalline structure of the CNTs after purification. All of the composites prepared with the purified CNTs had higher electrical resistivities and tensile and impact strength values than the composites based on the as-received CNTs because of the functional groups and defect sites formed on the surfaces of the CNTs during purification. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 119: 3360-3371, 2011