The structural, electronic, magnetic, and mechanical properties of perovskite oxides PbM1/2Nb1/2O3 (M = Fe, Co and Ni)


ERKİŞİ A., SÜRÜCÜ G., DELİGÖZ E.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MODERN PHYSICS B, cilt.32, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 32 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1142/s0217979218500571
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MODERN PHYSICS B

Özet

In this study, the structural, electronic, magnetic, and mechanical properties of perovskite oxides PbM1/2Nb1/2O3 (M = Fe, Co and Ni) are investigated. The systems are treated in ferromagnetic order. The calculations are carried out in the framework of density functional theory (DFT) within the plane-wave pseudopotential method. The exchange-correlation potential is approximated by generalized-gradient spin approach (GGA). The intra-atomic Coulomb repulsion is also taken into account in calculations (GGA+U). We have considered two generalized-gradient spin approximation functionals, which are Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof (PBE) and PBE for solids (PBEso1) for structural parameter calculations when it included Hubbard potential. Although the spin-polarized electronic band structures of PbCo1/2Nb1/2O3 and PbNi1/2Nb1/2O3 systems exhibit metallic property in ferromagnetic phase, a bandgap is observed in spin-down states of PbFe1/2Nb1/2O3 resulting in half-metallic behavior. The main reason for this behavior is attributed to the hybridization between d-states of transition metal atoms and p-states of oxygen atoms. The stability mechanically and the calculated mechanical properties by using elastic constants show that these compounds are mechanically stable in tetragonal phase and have anisotropic character mechanically.