Reliability and Validation of Turkish Version of the 25-item Hikikomori Questionnaire

Gundogmus I., Unsal C., ALMA L., Kul A. T. , Aydin M. S. , Bolu A., ...More

PSYCHIATRY AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, vol.11, no.4, pp.235-242, 2021 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.5455/pbs.20210919124046
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.235-242
  • Keywords: Hikikomori, Social Isolation, Questionnaire, Validation, Reliability, SOCIAL WITHDRAWAL, MULTIDIMENSIONAL SCALE, VALIDITY
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: Hikikomori, a form of severe and long-term social withdrawal, known to cause the waste of work force in society and the decrease in performance, has recently been accepted as a psychiatric disorder. After realizing the lack of assessment instruments related to this syndrome, the 25-item Hikikomori Questionnaire (HQ-25) was developed by the researchers. The aim of the study is to examine the HQ-25's adaptation to the Turkish language, its validity and reliability.