Thuringian affinity of the Silurian-Lower Devonian succession from the Eastern Taurus, Turkey


Sachanski V., Kozlu H., GÖNCÜOĞLU M. C.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES, cilt.24, ss.303-324, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 24 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3906/yer-1411-27
  • Dergi Adı: TURKISH JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.303-324

Özet

The Silurian-Lower Devonian succession in the Degirmentas-Halevikdere section (E Taurides) shows considerable lithostratigraphic similarities to the three-partite subdivision, initially documented in the same stratigraphic interval in Saxo-Thuringia and later in other peri-Gondwanan terrains. The Llandovery-Wenlockian part of the studied section (ca. 40 m) is characterized by black graptolitic shales. The Llandoverian part is dominated by radiolarian ribbon cherts (ca. 20 m). The Rhuddanian Akidograptus ascensus, Parakidograptus acuminatus, and Cystograptus vesiculosus biozones have been recognized in its lower part, while in the upper part of the succession, the lowermost Telychian Rastrites linnaei Biozone has been documented. The Telychian Spirograptus turriculatus and Streptograptus crispus biozones, as well as the Sheinwoodian Cyrtograptus rigidus/Monograptus belophorus Biozone, have been identified within this succession. Graptolites of the Homerian (Colonograptus deubeli + Col. praedeubeli and Col. ludensis biozones) are only found in the Pekmezkoy and Gurlesen areas, in the black shales, immediately before the first ocher-colored limestone, which is characteristic for the Ockerkalk Formation in the Thuringian facies. The dominantly ocher-colored shale-limestone alternation in the Degirmentas-Halevikdere section is ca. 50 m in thickness. The lower Ludlowian part is enriched by nautiloids, while in the Pridolian part crinoids are abundant. It is covered by 60-m-thick black shales and siltstones, corresponding to the Upper Graptolite Shale Formation in the Thuringian. The Silurian-Devonian boundary is located in the lower part of this unit on the basis of lobolith findings. The depositional model proposed here accounts for the migration of the considered peri-Gondwana terrains from high to low paleogeographic latitudes that has triggered changes not only in the ocean water thermohaline circulation but also in the wind-driven downwelling or upwelling systems. These changes are responsible for the progressive transition from an oxic regime to an anoxic one in the deep oceanic depositional environments (outer continental shelf, slope, and ocean basin settings) and the deposition of light and dark sediments there.