8-MW wind turbine tower computational shell buckling benchmark. Part 1: An international ‘round-robin’ exercise

Sadowski A. J., Seidel M., Al-Lawati H., Azizi E., Balscheit H., Böhm M., ...More

Engineering Failure Analysis, vol.148, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 148
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2023.107124
  • Journal Name: Engineering Failure Analysis
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, DIALNET, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Buckling, EN 1993-1-6, Finite element analysis, GMNIA, LBA-MNA, Plastic collapse, Reference Resistance Design, Round-robin, Wind turbine support tower
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


An assessment of the elastic-plastic buckling limit state for multi-strake wind turbine support towers poses a particular challenge for the modern finite element analyst, who must competently navigate numerous modelling choices related to the tug-of-war between meshing and computational cost, the use of solvers that are robust to highly nonlinear behaviour, the potential for multiple near-simultaneously critical failure locations, the complex issue of imperfection sensitivity and finally the interpretation of the data into a safe and economic design. This paper reports on an international ‘round-robin’ exercise conducted in 2022 aiming to take stock of the computational shell buckling expertise around the world which attracted 29 submissions. Participants were asked to perform analyses of increasing complexity on a standardised benchmark of an 8-MW multi-strake steel wind turbine support tower segment, from a linear elastic stress analysis to a linear bifurcation analysis to a geometrically and materially nonlinear buckling analysis with imperfections. The results are a showcase of the significant shell buckling expertise now available in both industry and academia. This paper is the first of a pair. The second paper presents a detailed reference solution to the benchmark, including an illustration of the Eurocode-compliant calibration of two important imperfection forms.