A rippability classification system for marls in lignite mines

BASARIR H., Karpuz C.

ENGINEERING GEOLOGY, vol.74, pp.303-318, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2004.04.004
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.303-318
  • Keywords: rippability classification, specific energy, direct ripping, rock properties, ROCK
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This paper describes the development of a rippability classification system for marls in lignites mines based on direct ripping runs, specific energy concept and indirect rippability assessment methods. Extensive field and laboratory studies were undertaken in six different panels of Turkish Coal Enterprises and Sivas-Kangal Lignite mines. Rock mass descriptions were made, seismic P-wave velocities are measured at the field, direct cutting tests and rock material property determination tests were carried out in the laboratory. The proposed method includes rock parameters such as uniaxial compressive strength, seismic P-wave velocity, discontinuity spacing and Schmidt hammer hardness value. In the developed method, rock properties are graded separately and rippability classes of rocks are determined according to the final grade. Appropriate dozer types and their productions are also proposed. Hence, both main components of rippability, rock and equipment properties are satisfied in the proposed system. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.