Shape and deposition angle control of silver film-over-nanosphere SERS substrates


Seyedpour Esmaeilzad N., Demirtas O., Demir A. K. , BEK A.

NANOTECHNOLOGY, vol.32, no.50, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 50
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1361-6528/ac2765
  • Title of Journal : NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • Keywords: nanospheres, enhanced Raman spectroscopy, oblique angle deposition, shape control, ENHANCED RAMAN-SPECTROSCOPY, GOLD NANOPARTICLES, SCATTERING, OPTIMIZATION, LITHOGRAPHY, INTENSITY, MECHANISM, PLASMONS, PYRIDINE, SPECTRA

Abstract

Thin metallic films on dielectric nanospheres are demonstrated to have a high potential for the fabrication of cost-effective SERS substrates. In addition to the morphological advantages that nanospheres offer for attaining a high density of hot spots, possessing shape adjustability by uncomplicated thermal treatment makes them an attractive platform for tuneable SERS substrates. Furthermore, when combined with the oblique angle metal deposition technique, adjustable gaps at a high density and adjustable shape of metal films, such as Ag films, can be achieved on nanospheres. Applying small changes in deposition angle can provide means for fine adjustment of the Raman enhancement factor (EF), resulting in EF up to 10(8) measured using crystal violet dye molecule as a Raman analyte. This practice paves the way for the fabrication of high EF SERS substrates at a reasonable cost using a monolayer of self-organized nanosphere patterns. An ultra-thin Ag film coated at 5 degrees tilt is shown to be an excellent substitute for a film deposited at 0 degrees with double the thickness. There is a strong agreement between the experimental results and finite-elements-method-based Maxwell simulations exhibiting expected field enhancements up to 10(9) at a tilt angle of 5 degrees.