Cognitive defusion versus experiential avoidance in the reduction of smoking behaviour: an experimental and preliminary investigation


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Hooper N., Dack C., Karekla M., Niyazi A., McHugh L.

ADDICTION RESEARCH & THEORY, vol.26, no.5, pp.414-420, 2018 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/16066359.2018.1434156
  • Journal Name: ADDICTION RESEARCH & THEORY
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.414-420
  • Keywords: Acceptance and commitment therapy, defusion, experiential avoidance, smoking behaviour, TELEPHONE-DELIVERED ACCEPTANCE, SELF-REFERENTIAL THOUGHTS, COMMITMENT THERAPY, PSYCHOLOGICAL FLEXIBILITY, NEGATIVE THOUGHTS, CESSATION, SUPPRESSION, TRIAL, DISTRACTION, IMPACT
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Brief procedures that reduce smoking behaviour may be useful in reaching the many people that do not seek help for smoking addiction.Objectives: The current study aimed to determine if one component of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), cognitive defusion, could be useful in reducing smoking behaviour in a sample of students.Methods: The study employed a between-subjects three-arm design. For one week, participants were asked to reduce their cigarette consumption. To aid them in their reduction, participants were randomly allocated to one of three conditions: the first received a defusion procedure, the second received an experiential avoidance procedure and a control condition received no procedure. For a second week, the instruction to reduce cigarette consumption was lifted. During both weeks participants were required to monitor their smoking behaviour via a tally diary system.Results: The defusion condition smoked significantly less than the control condition during week one and significantly less than the control and experiential avoidance conditions during week two.Conclusion: Results are discussed in terms of the potential utility of defusion in this domain, and the limitations of this preliminary research that would need to be addressed in future investigations.