Live Load Distribution Formulas for Single-Span Prestressed Concrete Integral Abutment Bridge Girders

DİCLELİ M., Erhan S.

JOURNAL OF BRIDGE ENGINEERING, vol.14, no.6, pp.472-486, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1061/(asce)be.1943-5592.0000007
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.472-486
  • Keywords: Bridges, concrete, Prestressed concrete, Girders, Bridge abutments, Live loads, Load distribution
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, live load distribution formulas for the girders of single-span integral abutment bridges (IABs) are developed. For this purpose, two and three dimensional finite-element models (FEMs) of several IABs are built and analyzed. In the analyses, the effects of various superstructure properties such as span length, number of design lanes, prestressed concrete girder size, and spacing as well as slab thickness are considered. The results from the analyses of two and three dimensional FEMs are then used to calculate the live load distribution factors (LLDFs) for the girders of IABs as a function of the above mentioned parameters. The LLDFs for the girders are also calculated using the AASHTO formulas developed for simply supported bridges (SSBs). The comparison of the analyses results revealed that LLDFs for girder moments and exterior girder shear of IABs are generally smaller than those calculated for SSBs using AASHTO formulas especially for short spans. However, AASHTO LLDFs for interior girder shear are found to be in good agreement with those obtained for IABs. Consequently, direct live load distribution formulas and correction factors to the current AASHTO live load distribution equations are developed to estimate the girder live load moments and exterior girder live load shear for IABs with prestressed concrete girders. It is observed that the developed formulas yield a reasonably good estimate of live load effects in prestressed concrete IAB girders.