In terms of net intensification in the greenhouse effect ie., rise of global temperature which has triggered melting of glacier thus increasing sea level and acidification of sea, carbon dioxide alone contributes approximately three-fourth of the net greenhouse radiative forcing by man-made (anthropogenic) greenhouse gases emissions. Carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) technology; a promising strategy for capturing of carbon dioxide from point sources before its release to atmosphere by using various sorbents is gaining global interest. In this study, the established carbon capture technologies with methods of carbon dioxide separation along there pros and cons are discussed. Carbon-based adsorbents are considered as the most versatile adsorbents for carbon dioxide due to their extraordinary physical and chemical properties. In this manuscript, recent developments on carbonaceous adsorbents (biochar, activated carbons, and graphene-based adsorbents) and their role in carbon dioxide capture during different combustion processes and conditions have been comprehensively focused. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.