Optimization of aeroelastic flapping motion of thin airfoils in a biplane configuration for maximum thrust


Kaya M., TUNCER İ. H. , Jones K. D. , Platzer M. F.

37th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference, Miami, FL, United States Of America, 25 - 28 June 2007, vol.3, pp.1758-1766 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 3
  • Doi Number: 10.2514/6.2007-4340
  • City: Miami, FL
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.1758-1766

Abstract

An aeroelastic flapping motion of thin airfoils in a biplane configuration is optimized for maximum thrust. Airfoils are attached to swing arms by an elastic joint, which is model led by a torsional spring. A spring-mass system is employed for the aeroelastic coupling. The stiffness coefficient and the mass moment of inertia of the airfoil are optimized for maximum thrust. A gradient based optimization method is employed in a parallel computing environment. Unsteady, low speed flows are computed in parallel using a Navier-Stokes solver on moving and deforming overset grids. It is shown that the optimum aeroelastic pitching motion produces significantly higher thrust than that of the sinusoidal pitching.