Shear Capacity N-M Interaction Envelope for RC Beam-Column Joints with Transverse Reinforcement: A Concept Derived from Strength Hierarchy

Tasligedik A. S.

JOURNAL OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING, vol.26, no.5, pp.2194-2224, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/13632469.2020.1756988
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.2194-2224
  • Keywords: Beam-Column Joints, Capacity Design, Joint Shear Failure, Reinforced Concrete, Strength Hierarchy
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Strength hierarchy assessment method is a capacity analysis procedure that can be used to identify the sequence of failures likely to occur within reinforced concrete (RC) frame buildings under lateral actions such as earthquakes or wind loads. Previous publication on this method mainly focused on the application of this method to (a) the vulnerable RC beam-column joints without any joint shear reinforcement where principal tensile stresses were considered critical,(b) modern RC beam-column joints with joint shear reinforcement where extreme principal compression stresses were considered critical. In this paper, joint shear capacity representation for modern RC beam-column joints (with transverse reinforcements in the joint) is generalized to include both critical components: principal tensile and principal compression stresses. Using strength hierarchy assessment, the investigation showed that it is possible to express the joint shear capacity as anN-Minteraction envelope analogous tothe N-Minteraction of columns. The resulting joint shear capacityN-Minteraction concept is validated using a database of 22 external and 22 internal RC beam-column joint tests with joint shear reinforcement at their joint core which resulted in joint shear failure in their tests. Considering the importance of axial load levels on the expected performance of RC beam-column joints, the proposed concept can be used for the general assessment of the joint shear capacity or for beam-column joint modeling purposes, which can be practically used by the design engineers.