Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is a label free, noninvasive, stand alone, rapid, and sensitive particle manipulation and characterization technique. Improvements in micro-electro-mechanical systems technology have enabled the biomedical applications of DEP over the past decades. By this way, integration of DEP into lab-on-a-chip systems has become achievable, creating a potential tool for point-of-care (POC) systems. DEP can be utilized in many different POC applications including early detection and prognosis of various cancer types, diagnosis of infectious diseases, blood cell analysis, and stem cell therapy. However, there are still some challenges to be resolved to have DEP-based devices available in POC market. Today, researchers have focused on these challenges to have this powerful theory as a solution for many POC applications. Here, DEP theory, cell modeling, and most common device structures are introduced briefly. Next, POC applications of DEP theory, such as cell (blood, cancer, stem, and fetal) and microorganism separation, manipulation, and enrichment for diagnosis and prognosis, are explained. Integration of DEP with other detection techniques to have more sensitive systems is summarized. Finally, future outlook for DEP-based systems are discussed with some challenges, which are currently preventing these systems to be a common tool for POC applications, and possible solutions.