Other, pp.1-13, 2021
Looking at a multi-country and multi-stakeholder level, this paper will argue that these mechanisms developed by the EU can provide the necessary instruments for sustainable self-reliance for migrant and refugees. Therefore, if developed further to include other refugee and migrant hosting countries such as Turkey, these actions can support the pillars of the new Pact on Migration and Asylum with direct policy implications. This paper will tackle the critical issues and key directions proposed in the “Joint Communication: Renewed partnership with the Southern Neighbourhood - A new agenda for the Mediterranean." Within the proposed framework the ‘Economic and Investment Plan for the Southern Neighbours’which aims for a renewed “commitment to implement and support inclusive socio-economic reforms, especially of the business environment, sustainable economic growth and stability-oriented macroeconomic policies underpinned by a long-term strategy.” GCR, FRIT and 3RP growing emphasis for the need to move from a “humanitarian assistance” focus to a developmental one to achieve greater refugee self-reliance and resilience for host communities. Job creation through trade incentives will be critical to achieving the transformation to move from humanitarian aid mechanisms such as ESSN into long-term and wide spread employment. This paper aims to explore how trade facilitation can become a way of supporting this transformation and why this could help bring about a “win-win-win” outcome beneficial to the refugees, to the EU and Turkey, while providing a good practice policy example for the Southern Neighbourhood of the EU.