Freshwater salinisation: a research agenda for a saltier world


Cunillera-Montcusí D., BEKLİOĞLU M. , Cañedo-Argüelles M., Jeppesen E., Ptacnik R., Amorim C. A. , ...More

Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol.37, no.5, pp.440-453, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.tree.2021.12.005
  • Title of Journal : Trends in Ecology and Evolution
  • Page Numbers: pp.440-453
  • Keywords: freshwater salinisation syndrome, global change, salt, secondary salinisation

Abstract

© 2021 The AuthorsThe widespread salinisation of freshwater ecosystems poses a major threat to the biodiversity, functioning, and services that they provide. Human activities promote freshwater salinisation through multiple drivers (e.g., agriculture, resource extraction, urbanisation) that are amplified by climate change. Due to its complexity, we are still far from fully understanding the ecological and evolutionary consequences of freshwater salinisation. Here, we assess current research gaps and present a research agenda to guide future studies. We identified different gaps in taxonomic groups, levels of biological organisation, and geographic regions. We suggest focusing on global- and landscape-scale processes, functional approaches, genetic and molecular levels, and eco-evolutionary dynamics as key future avenues to predict the consequences of freshwater salinisation for ecosystems and human societies.