Protein solvent accessibility prediction using support vector machines and sequence conservations


Ogul H., Mumcuoglu E. U.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND NEURAL NETWORKS, vol.3949, pp.141-148, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 3949
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Title of Journal : ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND NEURAL NETWORKS
  • Page Numbers: pp.141-148

Abstract

A two-stage method is developed for the single sequence prediction of protein solvent accessibility from solely its amino acid sequence. The first stage classifies each residue in a protein sequence as exposed or buried using support vector machine (SVM). The features used in the SVM are physicochemical properties of the amino acid to be predicted as well as the information coming from its neighboring residues. The SVM-based predictions are refined using pairwise conservative patterns, called maximal unique matches (MUMs). The MUMs are identified by an efficient data structure called suffix tree. The baseline predictions, SVM-based predictions and MUM-based refinements are tested on a nonredundant protein data set and similar to 73% prediction accuracy is achieved for a solvent accessibility threshold that provides an evenly distribution between buried and exposed classes. The results demonstrate that the new method achieves slightly better accuracy than recent methods using single sequence prediction.