Immunoaffinity Column Cleanup with Liquid Chromatography Using Postcolumn Bromination for the Determination of Aflatoxins in Black and White Sesame Seed: Single-Laboratory Validation


Liu G., Zhu Z., Cheng J., Senyuva H. Z.

JOURNAL OF AOAC INTERNATIONAL, cilt.95, ss.122-128, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 95 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.5740/jaoacint.11-150
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF AOAC INTERNATIONAL
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.122-128

Özet

A single-laboratory validation was conducted to establish the effectiveness of an immunoaffinity column cleanup procedure followed by LC with fluorescence detection for the determination of aflatoxins B-1, B-2, G(1), and G(2) in sesame seeds. The sample is homogenized with 50% water (w/w) to form a slurry, then the test portion is extracted with methanol-water (60 + 40, v/v) using a high-speed blender. The sample extract is filtered, diluted with 15% Tween 20 in phosphate-buffered saline solution, and applied to an immunoaffinity column. Aflatoxins are removed with neat methanol, then directly determined by RP-LC with fluorescence detection using postcolumn bromination (Kobra cell). Test portions of blank white sesame seed slurry were spiked with a mixture of aflatoxins to give total levels of 4 and 10 mu g/kg. Recoveries for individual and total aflatoxins ranged from 92.7 to 110.3% for spiked samples. Based on results for spiked sesame paste (triplicates at two levels), the RSD for repeatability (RSDr) averaged 1.1% for total aflatoxins and 1.4% for aflatoxin B-1. The method was demonstrated to be applicable to naturally contaminated samples of black and white sesame seeds obtained from local markets in China.