Mediating role of need for approval in the link between attachment styles and social media addiction

Demircioğlu Z. I. , Göncü Köse A.

International Congress of Psycholog, Praha, Czech Republic, 19 - 21 July 2021

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Unpublished
  • City: Praha
  • Country: Czech Republic


Today, internet is an inevitable part of our lives as well as social media. However, extensive internet and social media use can have aversive personal, interpersonal, and work-related consequences for individuals. Although outcomes of internet and/or SMA are relatively more widely investigated, antecedents of especially SMA are new era for empirical research. The present study proposed a mediational model in which adult attachment styles (i.e., secure, preoccupied, fearful, dismissive) were predictors of SMA both directly and indirectly through their effects on need for approval (Napp). Secure and dismissive attachment were proposed to be directly and negatively; preoccupied and fearful attachment styles were suggested to be directly and positively associated with SMA. Secure and dismissive attachment were hypothesized to be negatively, preoccupied and fearful attachment styles were hypothesized to be positively associated with Napp, which in turn, was proposed to be positively linked to SMA. Data were collected from 455 university students (300 females, 155 males) and analyzed by using Structural Equation Modeling. The proposed model provided good fit to the data and revealed that was a significant predictor of SMA. Secure and dismissive attachment were indirectly associated with SMA through their negative effects on Napp. Furthermore, fearful attachment was positively and directly associated with SMA. In addition, preoccupied attachment had direct positive effect on SMA and it was also indirectly associated with SMA through its positive effects on Napp. The findings were discussed regarding theoretical and practical implications together with directions for future studies on SMA.

Keywords: Social media addiction; adult attachment styles; need for approval.