Background/Aim: Obesity is associated with the structural and functional disorders related to the molecules of the tissues, cells, and membranes. This study aimed to examine the alterations in the secretion of inflammatory cytokines and metabolic factors and structural changes in inguinal (IF) and gonadal (GF) adipose tissues at the molecular level. Materials and Methods: The IF and GF tissues of Berlin Fat Mouse Inbred (BFMI) lines namely BFMI852, BFMI856, BFMI860, BFMI861 obese and DBAJ control mouse lines were used for mRNA expression and Attenuated Total Reflection - Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) studies. The mRNA levels of inflammatory cytokines including leptin, interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (Tnf-α), and insulin-like growth factor-1 (Igf-1), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma 2 (Pparγ-2), were investigated using quantitative reverse transcriptase real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Infrared spectroscopy does not provide information about specific proteins, instead, it gives information about overall (total) proteins, which is called global information. Therefore, in the current study, adequate information about secondary structures of adipose tissues proteins was obtained using artificial neural network (ANN) and secondary derivative-vector normalization methods based on the spectral profiles. Results: According to the mRNA expression studies, high leptin resistance was found in all BFMI lines. Differences were observed in the levels of measured factors except for Igf-1 among BFMI lines. Protein secondary structure studies showed an increase in random coil contents, especially for BFMI860, which indicates denaturation of the proteins. Conclusion: Among the spontaneous obese BFMI mouse lines, the BFMI860 line is the most suitable for obesity studies. Obesity-induced effect on the adipose tissues varies considerably with location, type of adipose tissue, and animal line.