State formation from below: the Turkish case

Hunt A., Tokluoglu C.

SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL, vol.39, no.4, pp.617-624, 2002 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0362-3319(02)00235-5
  • Title of Journal : SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.617-624


This essay focuses on the state-formation theory through the lens of the Turkish state-formation experience. The movements of resistance against state-formation in Turkey such as the internal struggles based on ideological and cultural factors, social banditry, military desertion, ethnic and religiously inspired uprisings, and non-Muslim and non-Turkish opposition are analyzed in the context of a model which has been developed in this study. According to this model state-formation is linked to a wide range of practices of social resistance. To provide the means of exploring the mechanisms of the processes of state-formation that are unintended and unplanned responses provoked by various types of resistance, their impact, not directly on institutional state-formation, but rather on the cultural and ideological dimensions of the same processes has to be carved out. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.