Fatigue behavior of TiNi foams processed by the magnesium space holder technique

Nakas G. I. , DERİCİOĞLU A. F. , Bor S.

JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, vol.4, no.8, pp.2017-2023, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 4 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2011.06.021
  • Page Numbers: pp.2017-2023
  • Keywords: Titanium alloys, TiNi, Porous materials, Sintering, Compression, Fatigue, COMPRESSION FATIGUE, ALUMINUM FOAMS, INGROWTH, ALLOY


While the wide range of applications of TiNi alloys makes them highly appealing due to their shape memory and superelasticity properties, the production of TiNi in the porous form further enlarges their application fields. Porous TiNi alloys have been studied extensively for biomedical applications since their elastic modulus is similar to that of bone. Accordingly, TiNi foams have been widely characterized in terms of their various mechanical properties; however, their fatigue properties have not been well studied, even though this is of vital importance in structural applications such as medical implants. In the scope of this study, TiNi foams processed from prealloyed powders by the magnesium space holder technique were mechanically characterized by monotonic and cyclic compression tests. TiNi foams with a porosity range of 49-64 vol.%, which is suitable for bone ingrowth, were determined to have a compressive strength varying in the range 93.27-273.45 MPa. Moreover, the wide range of elastic modulus values obtained (2.93-8.71 GPa) is promising for fulfilling various requirements of different implant applications without causing stress shielding. On the other hand, the endurance limit of TiNi foams was determined to be 0.6 sigma(y), where sigma(y) is the yield strength, independent of the porosity content. Fractography studies on the failed foams after fatigue testing revealed that the failure occurs by the coalescence of micro-cracks initiated from pore walls leading to macro-crack formation aligned at 45 degrees with respect to the loading axis. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.