Web users with autism: eye tracking evidence for differences


Creative Commons License

Eraslan S., Yaneva V., Yesilada Y., Harper S.

BEHAVIOUR & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, cilt.38, ss.678-700, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 38 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/0144929x.2018.1551933
  • Dergi Adı: BEHAVIOUR & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.678-700

Özet

Anecdotal evidence suggests that people with autism may have different processing strategies when accessing the web. However, limited empirical evidence is available to support this. This paper presents an eye tracking study with 18 participants with high-functioning autism and 18 neurotypical participants to investigate the similarities and differences between these two groups in terms of how they search for information within web pages. According to our analysis, people with autism are likely to be less successful in completing their searching tasks. They also have a tendency to look at more elements on web pages and make more transitions between the elements in comparison to neurotypical people. In addition, they tend to make shorter but more frequent fixations on elements which are not directly related to a given search task. Therefore, this paper presents the first empirical study to investigate how people with autism differ from neurotypical people when they search for information within web pages based on an in-depth statistical analysis of their gaze patterns.