Urbanisation and Urban Planning in Turkey

Uzun C. N. , Özdemir Sarı Ö. B. , Özdemir S. S.

in: Urban and Regional Planning in Turkey, Uzun Nil,Özdemir Sarı Ö. Burcu,Özdemir Suna S., Editor, Springer, London/Berlin , Basel, pp.1-9, 2019

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Vocational Book
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Publisher: Springer, London/Berlin 
  • City: Basel
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-9
  • Editors: Uzun Nil,Özdemir Sarı Ö. Burcu,Özdemir Suna S., Editor


Urban and regional planning, as an institution, differs significantly from country to country depending on the legal and institutional contexts of each state. In Turkey, after the foundation of the Republic in 1923, the importance of urban and regional became more significant. Economic policies executed by the government have always had an effect on urbanisation in Turkey. In fact, different economic policies and models applied since 1923 defined the different periods of urbanisation in the country. These periods also define the changes in urban and regional planning. There are basically four different models of economic development applied. A centralised, state-dominated model was the first one, implemented with the foundation of the Republic, and it remained in place until the 1950s. The second model, liberalisation, was adopted in the 1950s. Mechanisation in agriculture set off rural-to-urban migration and the rate of urbanisation increased very rapidly. This period lasted until the 1980s when Turkey’s economy underwent radical changes with the introduction of the privatisation model within the context of globalisation. The fourth period, starting after the general elections of 2002, can be considered a continuation of the third one. Economic and political changes in this period have had substantial implications for cities